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  1. MariaDB Server
  2. MDEV-6115

window functions as in the SQL standard




      Spec draft

      Place in the optimizer

      Window functions are evaluated on the result set after the WHERE, GROUP BY and HAVING have been applied.

      • If we are operating after a temptable-based grouping operation, we can read its output (and apply HAVING on the fly)
      • if we are operating after a Join operation, or non-temptable based grouping, we will need to store the output of previous operation in a temptable and then work from there.

      Basic idea about operation

      Let's start with one window function:

      func_name(arg) OVER (PARTITION BY part_expr  ORDER BY order_expr  $window_spec)

      Window function is evaluated for each row of the result set. It is a function of row's partition, we need to look at the rows of the resultset that are ordered according to order_expr. $window_spec specifies at which rows we need to look. Sometimes it's certain preceding rows, sometimes it's certain following rows (and sometimes it's both?)

      Execution can be done as follows:

      • sort resultset rows by (part_expr, order_expr).
      • scan each partition (either in reverse or forward order) and compute the value of window function on the fly.

      Unresolved questions:

      • How to handle the context. If a window function depends on preceding and following rows, how do we keep track of those?
      • Whether we should use files or temp.tables for storing the sorted resultset (we will always have to store it, because filesort doesn't support pull-based reading of its resultset)

      Multiple window functions

      A query may use multiple window functions which use different PARTITION BY / ORDER BY expressions:

         window_func1 OVER (PARTITION BY part_expr1 ORDER BY order_expr1)
         window_func2 OVER (PARTITION BY part_expr2 ORDER BY order_expr2)
      FROM ... WHERE ... etc

      The query should be evaluated as follows:

      • sort the result according to part_expr1/order_expr1, compute values of window_func1
      • sort the result according to part_expr2/order_expr2, compute values of window_func2



        Issue Links



              igor Igor Babaev
              serg Sergei Golubchik
              17 Vote for this issue
              24 Start watching this issue



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