Overall - the top ticket (4522) is a massive regression.
Starting in 5.5, the true length of varchar and char conforms to SQL standard, and incorporates byte counts for character sets such as utf8, and utf8mb4. Up to and including 5.4, it was wrong, and only reserved the bytes equal to the number of characters defined in the column DDL. The side effect of it is exemplified in the customer complaint: a varchar(5) under olf utf8 used to fit, and filters on it were subject to extent elimination. With 5.5, it no longer fits, which causes columnstore to essentially ignore an otherwise tight filter, and to proceed with the full scan.