Class Item_func_neg has a lot of conversions between signed and unsigned datatypes. I believe at least to some degree these conversions are undefined behavior in C++, and thus Item_func_neg can misbehave when compiled with optimizations. In particular I've experienced misbehavior in the main.func_math test on line 483. This line expects that negation of -9223372036854775808 will throw DATA_OUT_OF_RANGE error, but sometimes it doesn't. The following patch fixes the problem. Please consider including it (or some modification of it) into MariaDB.