The following invocation will fail, leaving behind NUL-filled ibdata1 and ib_logfile0 in InnoDB initialization.
MDEV-12061 reduced the minimum value of innodb_log_files_in_group to 1. In MariaDB Server 10.5, that parameter was deprecated, and only a single ib_logfile0 can be created.
The actual minimum log file size limit is as follows:
MDEV-14425 would change the minimum (logically empty) redo log file size to 12288+16 bytes.
The log must be reasonably large to prevent overrun. Only once
MDEV-14462 has been fixed, we could run with a smaller redo log without any fear of data loss. Also in that case, the log must be large enough for a single mini-transaction. A maximal mini-transaction could split a B-tree all way from the leaf to roof, modifying 2*height pages. The maximum height of a B-tree is somewhere around 32 pages when the tree is a binary tree. 2*32*innodb_page_size would be 1MiB at the default innodb_page_size=16k.
The immediate problem here is that if an attempt to initialize InnoDB with a too small log file is made, InnoDB will leave behind NUL-filled system tablespace and log files. That needs to be fixed, to avoid confusing messages like this: